- Fossilized plants and their spores and pollen preserved in the rocks through geological ages are studied in the subject of palaeobotany, under which
Palynology deals with the study of the palynomorphs i.e. spores and pollen.
- Palynological research is based on field and laboratory studies. The acquired knowledge/data is utilized to resolve different geological problems
related to age, boundary, local / basinal /regional / correlation and zonation of stratigraphic sequence.
Collection and preparation of samples:
Samples for spores and pollen study are collected from field either from the surface or subsurface, depending on the availability. About 20 – 25 gm
are usually collected. Mostly coal, lignite and associated sediments (preferably grey, black and carbonaceous shale) are analyzed to ascertain the
potentiality of the terrain.